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Gemelli and obturator internus muscles: Compendium of Human Anatomic Variation: Guanabara Koogan; Rio de Janeiro, Brazil: Iatrogenic injuries of peripheral nerves nerves.

Anxtomia Center for Biotechnology InformationU. They act as lateral hip rotators when the knee is in extension and as hip abductors when knee is in flexion Moore et al. Gemelli muscles variations are rare anomalies Arifoglu hhmana al. Given the scarcity of studies that focus morphologically on the types of collagen in the TMJ disc of human foetuses, we believe testut-latarjst better structural knowledge of the relationship of these proteins with the articular disc of the TMJ is necessary. Hypertension Hypertensive heart disease Hypertensive emergency Hypertensive nephropathy Essential hypertension Secondary hypertension Renovascular hypertension Benign hypertension Pulmonary hypertension Systolic hypertension White coat hypertension.

Clin Orthop Relat Res. In the study of Shinohara, in most compendip, the superior gemellus muscle received a double innervation from quadratus femoris muscle nerve and obturator internus muscle nerve 12 of 14 corpses.

Universidad Nacional de Colombia. Index of the circulatory system. Other areas of anastomosis include: Double superior gemellus together with double piriformis and high division of the sciatic nerve.

The tissues recommended by the manufacturer were used as positive antibody controls. Morphologically, the articular disc is a small elliptic fibrocartilaginous plate shaped like an S in sagittal cut and having its bigger axis in the posteromedial direction.

In comparison with other synovial joints, the TMJ is unique because of the presence of the tfstut-latarjet disc that separates it into two independent cavities, known as infra and supradiscal cavities, with distinct morphological features. The superficial Branch of the nerve radial: A useful mnemonic is that portal hypertension causes problems in the butt, the gut, and caput. Collagen fibrollogenesis in vitro interaction of types I and V collagen regulates fibril diameter.


All authors approved the manuscript final version.

An anatomic study with surgical implications. In this corpse, bilateral absence of superior gemellus muscle coexisted with unilateral absence of inferior gemellus muscle.

The inferior end of esophagus and the inferior part of the rectum are some of the most important sites of portal systemic anastomosis. Such surgery requires accurate identification, repair and management of short lateral rotators, which ensures the stability of the hip joint after surgery Pine et al. The negative controls were the same cases used as positive controls, which were submitted to the immunohistochemical reaction described above, except for the incubation with the primary antibody, done with a buffer solution.

Collagen belongs to a family of structural proteins with distinct chemical compositions, morphologies and functions. Renal veinsuprarenal veinparavertebral veinand gonadal vein.

Terry said in his study that the superior gemellus muscle was absent bilaterally in 6. Received Feb 7; Accepted May In foetuses and children, type I collagen fibres have a stratified arrangement, organized in fibre bundles with an anteroposterior, laterolateral and oblique orientation forming mesh.

The articular disc can be described as a concave lens with two faces superior and inferiortwo margins medial and lateral and two extremities anterior e posterior. The articular disc is divided into four bands: The study shows the variability for this nerve on the dorsal aspect of the hand and the high probability of injuring it in the various open, arthroscopic and percutaneous procedures on the wrist.

Oshima2 C.

A useful mnemonic is that portal hypertension causes problems in the butt, the gut, and caput. It can be one of the conditions caused by portal hypertension. Caput medusaes can also result.



Immunohistochemical markers of type I and III were used to characterize the existence of collagen fibres. The main trunk divided into various terminal branches: In portal hypertensionas in the case of cirrhosis of liver, the anastomoses become congested and form venous dilatations. According to Bergman et al. It has also been demonstrated that some types of collagen are capable of aggregating molecules to form heterotypical fibrils.

Carotid artery stenosis Renal artery stenosis. A dilated inferior mesenteric vein may or may not be related to portal hypertension.

According to Pine et al. Portacaval anastomosis A portacaval anastomosis also known as porto-systemic anastomosis or portal caval system is a specific type of anastomosis that occurs between the veins of portal circulation and those of systemic circulation.

Development and histology of fibrous architecture of the fetal temporomandibular joint.

Portacaval anastomosis

Ultra-structural evidence of vascularization of the central of TMJ disc in human fetuses. The purpose of this report was to describe the possible embryological explanation of this condition and its clinical and surgical importance. Ann N Y Acad Sci. An R Acad Nac Med. The branches, which innervate the dorsal sides of the fingers, are variable in number and distribution.

In their study on human embryos, they noted that at tenth week of development, the obturator internus muscle tendon was attached to the gemelli muscles, arranged between them. Oral Anatomy, Histology and Embryology. The objective was to study the morphology of the articular disc and analyse the immunohistochemical expression of types I and III collagen markers in the temporomandibular joint TMJ disc of human foetuses of different gestational ages.